Publication Ethics

Duties of Authors

Authors should present an accurate works performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. They have to ensure that they written entirely original works, and appropriately cited or quoted if the authors have used the works of others. Authors should ensure that they have acknowledge any funding that have contributed to the publication. An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal of primary publication. Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should obtain appropriate consents, permissions and releases where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals.
 

Duties of Editorial Board

The editor of a journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published, often working in conjunction with the relevant society. The editors must keep information pertaining to submitted manuscripts confidential and disclose any conflicts of interest.

The editors must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editors are be responsible for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts and the editors review suspected incidents of plagiarism.
 

Duties of Reviewers

Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.  Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication, and lies at the heart of the scientific method.  In addition to the specific ethics-related duties described below, reviewers are asked generally to treat authors and their work as they would like to be treated themselves and to observe good reviewing etiquette.

Reviewers should bring to the attention of the Editors any information that may be reason to reject publication of a manuscript. Reviewers have to evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. Reviewers should keep information pertaining to the manuscript confidential.  Reviewers should notify the journal of any conflicts of interest.